Supporting Paragraphs In A PhD Research – 7 Must Do Things

by Alex Hales

A set of phrases that collectively explain, demonstrate, or offer proof for a single supporting argument make up a supporting paragraph. A PhD research’s primary point is typically explained by several supporting paragraphs. Making sure your supporting arguments are understandable and your paragraphing is solid. This can help you keep your dissertation’s core idea in focus.

Each body paragraph should start with a topic sentence. The reader will be reminded of your point by this assertion. The main idea you create in the first line should be supported throughout the entire paragraph. To strengthen and clarify the point you are making, use precise data from your research and specific instances.

Structure Of Supporting Paragraphs:

A typical supporting paragraph has three components:

1. Typically, the topic of a paragraph is introduced in the first sentence. The statement, or major concept, that you aim to formulate and favor throughout the supporting paragraph should be stated in the topic sentence.

2. In the sentences that follow, list facts related to your subject and explain how they back up your claim or topic. Describe how each fact logically corroborates the thesis or subject. Maintain your concentration and specificity while only including details that are pertinent to your topic sentence.

3. Conclude the paragraph with a transition line that leads the audience to the next paragraph after illustrating the point you formulated in your topic line. This will demonstrate the connection between the main idea of this paragraph and the main idea of the subsequent paragraph.

Things You Must Follow:

There are a few critical things to keep in mind when you are writing supporting paragraphs for your PhD research. These are explained next:

1. Relating to Thesis Statement Of Research:

In PhD research, each body paragraph should bolster the claims expressed in the thesis statement present in the introductory paragraph. The thesis statement establishes the concepts and the sequence in which they will be discussed in the body of your essay. Your reader anticipates information on the topic in the sequence suggested in the introduction. The reader could become lost in the material and overlook crucial details if you deviate from the mind map you constructed through the thesis statement and introductory paragraph.

2. Choosing Primary Support for Each Paragraph:

Your argument is unlikely to be persuasive if it lacks the most important evidence. The principal ideas on which you decide to elaborate on your thesis are referred to as primary support. The most crucial data you decide to use to support your viewpoint is this one.

One primary support is presented in each supporting paragraph. The accompanying details in the paragraphs help bolster your main grounds of contention. The data you select must be specific, detailed, and related to the thesis of research to satisfy the criterion of good primary support.

3. Pay More Attention To Opening And Closing Statements Of Supporting Paragraphs:

Readers usually do not treat all the components equally. They pay particular attention to the start and end of each paragraph, the topic sentence, and the closing sentence, to understand what is being said as quickly as possible. This is a technique that is frequently taught in “speed reading” courses. Additionally, they typically avoid delving into “hard” calculations or difficult exposition materials in favor of gaining a quicker understanding of the sentences that come before or after them.

As a result, paragraphs’ beginnings and ends should always be written with the utmost care. Try to separate these two sentences before examining them jointly. Examine how well they read, whether they are insightful and instructive and whether they may be made better.

4. Do Not Begin with Another Author’s Name:

This is particularly loved by some PhD students and other insecure authors, who advance their argument by resting it on the shoulders of other people’s work. Particularly in “literature review” sections, some postgraduate students may compose entire sets of paragraphs in this way, lasting over many pages, each of which opens with the name of another author. This practice lowers your grades. If you are also following this practice and want to get rid of low grades, then contact experts from PhD dissertation help.

The simple solution to this issue starts by avoid thinking in terms of specific authors and instead concentrating on the thought or argument that the author to be mentioned represents in an empirical debate. Create a topic sentence that is distinct and stands alone. Then, describe the main principles or claims of one or more thoughts that are mentioned in the body sentences. Author names should only appear in the supporting references at the ends of sentences, if necessary.

5. Length of Supporting Paragraphs:

A good paragraph is 100 to 250 words long. It is crucial to pay attention to the length of your supporting paragraphs in research. Short paragraphs typically look bad on the printed page of a PhD dissertation, which reduces their value as pillars of an argument. Short paragraphs are a sign that the author is stumped for words or has not given enough attention to how a point should fit into the larger argument.

On the other hand, if your paragraph gets too long, it must be divided whenever it reaches 250 words, generally as equally as possible, and separate opening and closing sentences must be provided for each half.

6. Use Transition Words:

Do not forget to use transition words in your writing. Transition words bring unity, coherence, and relevance among paragraphs. They determine how the paragraphs are related to one another and the thesis of the research. The reader can better grasp connections, follow a logical progression, and move through the text by using transitions at the end of one paragraph or the start of the next. However, it is critical to use the right transition word in the right place.

7. Proofread:

As useless as it may sound but reviewing and editing each paragraph in the body is actually very crucial. Proofreading is not done merely to detect any grammar or spellings mistakes. You should check for coherence and smooth and logical flow in each supporting paragraph. To make your writing clear, concise, and authoritative, cut out any repetitions or extraneous terms.


This advice given above will help your paragraphs to stay on topic and provide a clear, concise flow of information. A PhD research can have as many body paragraphs as the author feels necessary to introduce and develop the major issue or central point.

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